- single most important person of the past 200 years
- 100 million dead from marxism ideas
- born 1818
- at 25 became radical and journalist
- was supported by Engels
- a bit of a deadbeat
Before, things were OK, but not good
- Lived in the country
- most people are bakers, farmers etc
- people specialize a little at what they do
- they trade as equals
- landowners are the wealthy. the rest are not rich. Everyone is equally poor
- good work. work contributes to who they are
- good communities
Things changed because capital came along. (not just money)
During the industrial revolution, captial changed to be owned by factory workers rather than tradespeople.
Capital divides into haves and have nots (bourgeoisie vs proletarians).
Proles: sell their labour, work for a living, earn small wages in exchange for work
Bourge: do not sell labour, own capital, receive profits from others work
Peasants lose good work -> work in factories -> factories are more successful -> more peasants lose work -> more peasants work in factories -> drives down wages -> factories are more successful
Bourg invest money to get better technology which makes labour have poorer jobs with worse pay. More profits for the Bourgies.
Middleclass gets squeezed.
Proles work gets easier and easier, worse and worse. In 1818 half of the cotten mill workers were children under the age of 10.
Inevitably the proles get poorer and of greater number
the Bourgies get fewer and richer
Response - There has not been one big crisis. Why?
Destruction of productive forces
Conquest of new markets.